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Use of a Smart Medical Internet of Things System on Quality of Life in Patients With Hemophilia

According to research published in Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine, home nursing based on smart medical Internet of Things (IOT) systems may improve the quality of life of patients with hemophilia.

Researchers evaluated the effects of home nursing using an IOT medical system on the quality of life of in patients with hemophilia who were followed up at a single hospital between 2018 and 2019.

The IOT medical system proposed in the publication receives video input from the terminal user’s mobile phone. After the video is uploaded to a server, algorithms process the video and then output a diagnostic result.

The Functional Independence Score in Hemophilia (FISH) scale was used to assess the ability of daily activities of 2 groups of patients, a control and observation group. The observation group used the IOT medical system to implement home nursing, while the control group used ordinary home nursing. FISH scores of the groups were compared at baseline and 6 months.

A total of 60 patients with severe hemophilia were recruited for the study. Participants were randomly divided into a control group (n=30) and an observation group (n=30). All patients were male, with an average age of 53.21±4.28 years (range, 38-69).

The researchers reported no significant difference in the quality of life scores between the groups at baseline and numerically higher quality of life scores in the observation group than in the control group at 6 months. The team also reported numerically higher scores for self-care ability, transfer function, and home nursing cognition ability in the observation group than the control group.

Limitations of the study included limited reporting of statistical comparisons, relatively small sample sizes, a homogenous patient population, and the single center design.

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